EnglishSubtitle: added by anonim
The ULTIMATE Guide on How to Replace Drum Brakes
1 00:00:00,30 --> 00:00:05,190 Hey guys Chrisfix here today. I'm going to show you how to replace your drum brakes on your car or your truck 2 00:00:05,259 --> 00:00:07,259 This is going to be a complete guide 3 00:00:07,259 --> 00:00:14,8 I'm going to show every detail every step on replacing the drum brake system including how to replace all the brake hardware and 4 00:00:14,500 --> 00:00:16,809 replacing the wheel cylinders 5 00:00:16,809 --> 00:00:20,368 So when you're done watching this video you're going to know how to replace the drum brakes in your vehicle 6 00:00:20,369 --> 00:00:22,369 and if you've never changed drum Brakes before 7 00:00:23,510 --> 00:00:24,650 Don't be intimidated 8 00:00:24,650 --> 00:00:30,609 Because these things do [look] kind of complicated [all] it is is a couple of [springs] a wheel cylinder and then some shoes 9 00:00:30,609 --> 00:00:34,49 It's very simple and again I'm going to show you everything you need to know so after watching the video 10 00:00:34,50 --> 00:00:40,320 you'll be able to replace the brakes yourself now one question I get asked all the time is how long do drum Brakes last and 11 00:00:40,320 --> 00:00:46,349 The brake shoes on drum brakes class anywhere from 50,000 miles to 150,000 miles depending on how you drive 12 00:00:46,350 --> 00:00:50,649 So they do last longer than your typical caliper brake pads 13 00:00:50,170 --> 00:00:51,180 Now in this video 14 00:00:51,180 --> 00:00:54,579 I'm going to be changing the drum brakes in my truck with 15 00:00:54,649 --> 00:01:00,329 That being said the process of replacing drum brakes is very similar if not identical for almost every vehicle out there 16 00:01:01,609 --> 00:01:03,999 So these are what the drum brakes look like on my pickup truck 17 00:01:03,190 --> 00:01:09,119 These are what the drum brakes look like on a van and these are what the drum brakes look like on a compact car 18 00:01:09,130 --> 00:01:11,130 So as you can tell the drum brakes are very 19 00:01:11,290 --> 00:01:15,150 Similar from car to car which is good because after you're done watching this video 20 00:01:15,150 --> 00:01:19,439 You'll be able to replace the drum brakes on pretty much any vehicle and before we begin 21 00:01:19,439 --> 00:01:26,369 I want to thank advanced autoparts for helping out and supplying the brake drums and shoes for the video all right now 22 00:01:26,369 --> 00:01:32,859 Here's everything you need to completely replace the drum brakes let's start off with our hand tools first 23 00:01:32,860 --> 00:01:32,500 It's very 24 00:01:32,500 --> 00:01:34,909 important to wear eye protection 25 00:01:34,909 --> 00:01:40,839 when you're working with drum brakes [drum] brakes use these springs which have a lot of energy and they can come flying off when you're 26 00:01:40,840 --> 00:01:42,90 Removing them so you want to make sure that your eyes [are] protected 27 00:01:42,90 --> 00:01:45,180 So let's get those on now and next you can see that 28 00:01:45,180 --> 00:01:50,309 There's not many tools that are needed to change the drum brakes you might need a hammer to remove the drum a couple of different 29 00:01:50,310 --> 00:01:52,310 pliers to help you with the Springs 30 00:01:52,450 --> 00:01:55,990 Screwdriver and then I have a little trick with these wrenches 31 00:01:55,990 --> 00:02:00,240 I'll show you we are going to be replacing the wheel cylinders, so it's a good idea to have a set of flare-nut wrenches 32 00:02:00,240 --> 00:02:03,939 They're inexpensive. They're good to own on the left 33 00:02:03,939 --> 00:02:04,780 We have the flare nut wrench 34 00:02:04,780 --> 00:02:10,660 and you can see it goes over to brake line and then hugs five of the six sides of the nut this will lessen the 35 00:02:10,660 --> 00:02:13,289 Chances of you stripping the nut and on the right we have a regular wrench 36 00:02:14,620 --> 00:02:18,580 Which has only two contact points on the nut and you're more likely to strip the nut that way 37 00:02:18,580 --> 00:02:21,849 That's why for a few bucks. It's totally worth it to pick up a flare nut wrench 38 00:02:21,129 --> 00:02:24,669 There's also a specialty brake drum tool 39 00:02:24,670 --> 00:02:27,479 Set that you could get and I'm going to show you how to use these different tools just in case you want to go out 40 00:02:27,480 --> 00:02:28,959 And get a kit 41 00:02:28,959 --> 00:02:30,860 It does make the job faster and easier 42 00:02:30,860 --> 00:02:35,919 But with that being said I'm also going to show you how to use regular hand tools that you already have to accomplish the same 43 00:02:35,920 --> 00:02:37,879 job as the specialized tools 44 00:02:37,879 --> 00:02:43,569 Next we have the brake parts you want to make sure that you get two drums one for each side always replace breaks in pairs 45 00:02:43,569 --> 00:02:48,89 and then we have our four brake shoes and [anytime] you get new drums and shoes you want to make sure that you replace the 46 00:02:48,90 --> 00:02:52,319 Springs, this is very important. Let me show you why I cut apart this drum 47 00:02:52,329 --> 00:02:54,419 So that you could see how everything works 48 00:02:55,609 --> 00:03:00,969 When you press on the brakes the wheel cylinder pushes the shoes outwards which then rubs against the drum 49 00:03:00,129 --> 00:03:06,759 Creating friction and slowing the vehicle down when you let [go] of the brakes the Springs pull the shoes off the drum 50 00:03:06,760 --> 00:03:11,69 So there's no more friction and there isn't too much space between the shoes and the drum so the Springs have to be in good 51 00:03:11,69 --> 00:03:16,108 Shape and working properly to ensure that the shoes don't continue to rub against the drum with your foot off the brake 52 00:03:16,299 --> 00:03:22,168 So you can see the importance of getting brand new brake hardware anytime you change your drum brakes. So we're changing that out 53 00:03:22,169 --> 00:03:28,989 We're also going to be changing out the wheel cylinders also important and easy to do while you're already in there these things are inexpensive 54 00:03:28,180 --> 00:03:30,970 So I suggest doing that as well 55 00:03:30,970 --> 00:03:35,739 and then finally we need brake clean we're going to need brake fluid you could check the brake [fluid] in your 56 00:03:35,810 --> 00:03:38,280 Vehicle by looking at the [owners] manual make sure you get the right type in this case 57 00:03:38,280 --> 00:03:44,250 I'm using do T3 and then some anti-seize to lubricate the backing plate so our drum brake system works Flawlessly 58 00:03:44,410 --> 00:03:47,219 And now we're ready to get [started], but before we do that 59 00:03:47,220 --> 00:03:51,419 I don't know if you guys notice these brake calipers in the background well at the end of this video 60 00:03:51,419 --> 00:03:53,889 I have a very special announcement 61 00:03:53,889 --> 00:03:56,829 It's going to be really cool you guys been requesting this over and over again 62 00:03:56,829 --> 00:03:59,249 And you know I listen so these are some brake calipers a little hint there 63 00:03:59,250 --> 00:04:02,919 And we'll find out the end of the video what we're doing with these 64 00:04:02,919 --> 00:04:07,989 But now let's go get started on these drum brakes and the first thing we need to do is lift the vehicle up and put 65 00:04:07,989 --> 00:04:08,799 It on Jack stands 66 00:04:08,799 --> 00:04:11,159 And I've already done that here the vehicle is lifted from the rear differential 67 00:04:11,160 --> 00:04:14,559 and then the Jack stands are supporting the axle and 68 00:04:14,750 --> 00:04:17,979 Before we remove the wheel you want to make sure that the front wheel is blocked off 69 00:04:17,979 --> 00:04:21,699 so the truck doesn't roll and it's also a good idea to shake your vehicle and 70 00:04:21,769 --> 00:04:23,158 Make sure that it's sturdy, and this is very sturdy 71 00:04:23,159 --> 00:04:28,749 So now we could go and remove the wheel that gives us access to our drum 72 00:04:28,750 --> 00:04:33,730 and this is what we want to remove next but before we even do that go into your interior of [your] [car] and 73 00:04:33,40 --> 00:04:37,719 Make sure that your emergency brake isn't on in this case 74 00:04:37,720 --> 00:04:42,419 Mine was on you'll never be able to remove that drum brake with the emergency brake on so make sure it's off now 75 00:04:42,419 --> 00:04:44,419 This is going to be the hardest [part] of this whole process 76 00:04:44,470 --> 00:04:48,89 Removing this drum brake a lot of times these [things] get rusted on here real good 77 00:04:48,90 --> 00:04:53,649 And it makes it difficult to remove like with this, but I have a few tricks to remove the drum 78 00:04:53,650 --> 00:04:58,600 You want to grab both sides and try to wiggle it off pulling it towards you in this case this thing isn't budging a lot 79 00:04:58,600 --> 00:05:00,669 Of times these rust to the hub and make it real difficult 80 00:05:00,919 --> 00:05:03,819 Now some drum brakes have a hole so all you need is [a] bolt 81 00:05:03,820 --> 00:05:09,969 Just screw it in grab a ratchet and tighten that bolt until the drum pops off and then it should wiggle right off 82 00:05:09,970 --> 00:05:15,880 But some drums don't have these holes and since that's the case with my truck the next best thing is [to] grab a big hammer 83 00:05:15,880 --> 00:05:17,880 And we're going to hit both sides of the drum 84 00:05:17,930 --> 00:05:22,49 You want to use a good amount of force and make sure you don't hit those studs by mistake. [I] can feel coming loose 85 00:05:23,840 --> 00:05:25,840 Give it a little wiggle 86 00:05:26,930 --> 00:05:27,729 All right 87 00:05:27,729 --> 00:05:31,19 And look at all that brake dust and rust we knocked loose which brings me to my next point 88 00:05:31,360 --> 00:05:38,650 Since drum Brakes are enclosed a lot of the brake dust gets stuck inside the brakes so once that drum comes off you want to 89 00:05:38,650 --> 00:05:44,500 Immediately spray down the brakes with brake clean get rid of all that brake dust so you're not breathing it in because this stuff is 90 00:05:44,500 --> 00:05:48,970 Definitely not good for you, and you could spray down everything. There's nothing here that you don't want to spray 91 00:05:48,970 --> 00:05:52,260 We're going to be replacing the wheel cylinder so that doesn't matter and look at all the brake dust coming off 92 00:05:52,450 --> 00:05:57,819 Now with all the brake dust cleared away don't remove any springs or anything just yet 93 00:05:57,820 --> 00:06:03,849 We want to get reference pictures of how all the springs and everything is set up so you want to grab something that could take? 94 00:06:03,849 --> 00:06:05,429 Pictures like your phone and snap a couple of pictures 95 00:06:06,530 --> 00:06:11,280 [make] sure everything is in focus to get a clear picture of the top spring set up end of the bottom spring [setup] and with 96 00:06:11,280 --> 00:06:17,769 the reference pictures taken we can remove the brake springs and the springs we want to remove are these two top Springs and 97 00:06:17,840 --> 00:06:21,269 This kit that we have here has a tool specifically made for removing those 98 00:06:22,669 --> 00:06:28,779 The tool goes right over the spring pin, and then all you do is twist it until the spring pops off just like that 99 00:06:28,820 --> 00:06:31,379 So a tool like this works great, but not everybody has this tool 100 00:06:31,380 --> 00:06:35,70 So I'm also going to show you how to remove the spring with just the pliers and a flathead screwdriver 101 00:06:35,349 --> 00:06:40,509 First use your pliers to open up the spring a bit, so you could slide your flat-head screwdriver in 102 00:06:40,70 --> 00:06:44,640 Just like that and then pry the screwdriver and with a little help [from] our pliers 103 00:06:44,950 --> 00:06:47,759 It'll come right off and then [we] can remove the spring 104 00:06:47,890 --> 00:06:53,119 Next we'll remove the self adjusting cable off the spring pin and this goes down to the self adjuster lever so remove it from that 105 00:06:53,120 --> 00:06:55,490 As well now that the Springs are removed from the top 106 00:06:55,490 --> 00:07:00,409 We could remove the two brake shoes and to do that each shoe has one spring holding it down that 107 00:07:00,410 --> 00:07:05,360 we need to remove and this is what the hold down spring looks like you're gonna have to turn it 90 degrees so that the 108 00:07:05,360 --> 00:07:09,319 Pin end could fit through the spring and again. We have a specialized tool 109 00:07:09,320 --> 00:07:12,499 We could use for this first you want to press your finger on the back of the pin 110 00:07:12,500 --> 00:07:14,530 so it doesn't move 111 00:07:14,530 --> 00:07:20,850 looking from behind the backing plate the pin is right there so with your finger on the pin use the tool to press against the 112 00:07:20,850 --> 00:07:26,999 Spring and then turn 90 degrees and the spring comes right out now you can push the pin out and remove it as well 113 00:07:26,370 --> 00:07:29,300 And now for the other side instead of using the specialized tool 114 00:07:29,300 --> 00:07:32,849 I'm going to show you how to do it with a plain old vice grips 115 00:07:32,310 --> 00:07:37,770 It's the same process get your finger on the pin in the back and then grab on that spring cap 116 00:07:37,900 --> 00:07:41,119 once it's clamped on press down and turn 90 degrees, and it'll come right off and 117 00:07:42,880 --> 00:07:48,510 That's a little trick on how to use a vice grips to remove those hold down Springs pretty simple and with the to hold down 118 00:07:48,510 --> 00:07:50,760 Springs out the brake shoes should come right out 119 00:07:50,250 --> 00:07:55,220 This is our parking brake link and just take a note on which side the spring is on for when we install this later 120 00:07:55,430 --> 00:08:01,40 Now we could easily remove the lower spring with the pliers since there's no tension on the shoes and then we could separate the shoe 121 00:08:01,40 --> 00:08:02,150 And self adjuster 122 00:08:02,150 --> 00:08:09,599 So now we only have one shoe connected and it's connected to the parking brake many times even with the parking brake disengaged the lever 123 00:08:09,600 --> 00:08:14,850 Is hard to remove so you might want to just remove the clip [from] the shoe and leave the parking brake lever connected? 124 00:08:14,850 --> 00:08:15,540 but in this case 125 00:08:15,540 --> 00:08:18,839 it looks like it's going to be really easy to remove so I'm just going to pop this off and 126 00:08:18,970 --> 00:08:22,70 You can see how easy that was and with the arm removed from the parking brake cable 127 00:08:22,80 --> 00:08:26,789 We could use our pliers to open up the gap of the clip and then use the Flat-head screwdriver 128 00:08:26,160 --> 00:08:30,989 to pry it off and the parking brake arm comes right off and 129 00:08:30,210 --> 00:08:35,210 Another thing that I've been doing is as I take parts off I set them up so they look exactly the way they were 130 00:08:35,280 --> 00:08:40,189 So eventually when you get all the parts off not only do you have your pictures so you can see where all the Springs go? 131 00:08:40,190 --> 00:08:46,739 But you also have this all laid [out]. So you know exactly how to install the [new] brakes so with everything apart now 132 00:08:46,740 --> 00:08:49,460 We want to move on to the wheel cylinder and while I suggest replacing this with every brake 133 00:08:50,530 --> 00:08:54,749 Replacement if you don't want to replace it you can tell if the wheel cylinders bad because it'll be leaking 134 00:08:54,850 --> 00:08:57,810 Fluid so if you see any dentists around the boot covers on this side 135 00:08:57,810 --> 00:09:01,710 Or this side you definitely have to replace this and while this is in good shape 136 00:09:01,710 --> 00:09:05,939 it's still a good idea to [replace] it since they are inexpensive and we have it all apart and 137 00:09:05,70 --> 00:09:11,609 since this is still dirty now is a good time [to] see the contact points of the brake shoes these contact points [are] where the 138 00:09:11,610 --> 00:09:16,250 Brake shoe contacts the backing plate [and] slides back and forth you can see there's a contact point right up there 139 00:09:16,350 --> 00:09:21,659 There's a contact point right down there, and there's one [more] contact point right down there 140 00:09:21,660 --> 00:09:23,660 And it's the same [thing] on the other side 141 00:09:23,680 --> 00:09:26,640 There's a contact point up here one right down there 142 00:09:26,640 --> 00:09:30,960 And then one right down there all six of those points should be clean and smooth 143 00:09:30,960 --> 00:09:36,749 So let's go clean up everything now a metal wire brush and some brake clean are all you need don't be afraid to use too 144 00:09:36,750 --> 00:09:39,49 much brake clean spray down everything and get it nice and clean and 145 00:09:39,240 --> 00:09:44,669 Spend some time [here] removing the brake dust grease and rust from the backing plate 146 00:09:45,880 --> 00:09:50,330 So this is all cleaned up and looking real good our contact points are smooth and clean now 147 00:09:50,339 --> 00:09:53,239 Let's go remove the brake cylinder and to do that 148 00:09:53,240 --> 00:09:56,89 We have to go behind and start by removing the brake line 149 00:09:56,89 --> 00:09:59,879 we want to use a flare nut wrench and in this case it's a 150 00:09:59,220 --> 00:10:04,460 7/16 Brake Fluid Will start to drip out, so I like to use a towel so we don't make a big mess loosen up 151 00:10:04,460 --> 00:10:08,30 The nut all the way, so we could pull the brake line out and with the brake line removed 152 00:10:08,30 --> 00:10:13,489 We have two bolts holding in the wheel cylinder, so get a ratchet and remove them. That's one and 153 00:10:14,160 --> 00:10:17,240 That's the other and then we could pry the wheel cylinder off 154 00:10:18,89 --> 00:10:24,19 Out with the old in with the new and the new one [just] fits right into place now 155 00:10:24,20 --> 00:10:27,79 We want to tighten our brake line first to stop the brake fluid from leaking out 156 00:10:27,210 --> 00:10:31,39 And once it's snug you want to torque it to around 10 to 15 foot-pounds which on 157 00:10:31,40 --> 00:10:36,719 This is about a quarter of a turn definitely don't over tighten this next. We're going to screw in the bolts 158 00:10:36,720 --> 00:10:39,750 But be [sure] to put a little bit of anti-seize on the threads so they come out 159 00:10:39,850 --> 00:10:43,10 Easily in the future you also want to tighten these down to about 10 to 15 foot-pounds 160 00:10:44,160 --> 00:10:49,370 Good, and it's that easy to replace a wheel cylinder since we did remove the brake line 161 00:10:49,370 --> 00:10:53,0 We have to believe this wheel cylinder, but we'll do that after we put everything together 162 00:10:53,220 --> 00:11:00,810 so let's attach all the springs and shoes you can see I have everything laid out the same exact way it came off and just 163 00:11:00,810 --> 00:11:03,570 In case if I'm not completely sure I did take pictures 164 00:11:03,570 --> 00:11:06,959 So [I] know exactly where all the springs go so the first thing 165 00:11:06,959 --> 00:11:09,409 We [should] do is we should get the pins the old wheel cylinder and these pins 166 00:11:09,410 --> 00:11:13,399 Just pull right out anyone just do a quick inspection. You can see that. They're all rusty 167 00:11:13,399 --> 00:11:17,119 So you want to sand them down and get them nice and clean [a] little bit of 400 grit sandpaper? 168 00:11:18,270 --> 00:11:21,839 or you could use a metal wire brush and 169 00:11:21,420 --> 00:11:23,670 Then get them cleaned up 170 00:11:23,670 --> 00:11:28,860 so they look like this then we [can] push them into the new wheel cylinder and make sure they're all the way in do the 171 00:11:28,860 --> 00:11:29,220 other side as well 172 00:11:29,220 --> 00:11:32,700 So with those cleaned and pushed in now 173 00:11:32,700 --> 00:11:37,919 We can move on to the emergency brake we have to reuse this so we're going to want to clean this up as well with 174 00:11:37,920 --> 00:11:39,920 [a] metal wire brush or some sandpaper 175 00:11:41,560 --> 00:11:42,930 Beautiful you can see how cleaned up 176 00:11:42,930 --> 00:11:46,399 This is the pin is all cleaned up, so [it'll] move smoothly and that's exactly what we want 177 00:11:47,620 --> 00:11:48,450 so here's our brake shoe our 178 00:11:48,450 --> 00:11:55,979 Emergency brake lever then we have one of these clips and the clip should slide right in and then just use your pliers to close 179 00:11:55,980 --> 00:11:58,99 The end now we just want to make [sure] that this moves smoothly with no resistance 180 00:11:58,100 --> 00:12:03,719 And it does so we're all set here, [and] there's one more thing we could set up on this brake shoe 181 00:12:03,720 --> 00:12:09,810 You can see our old brake shoe has this adjuster lever with the spring and the pin that goes through and our new one has 182 00:12:09,810 --> 00:12:11,810 None of that, so let's get that stuff on there 183 00:12:11,950 --> 00:12:14,789 This pins really easy to install just get it in place 184 00:12:14,790 --> 00:12:17,550 and then get a big pliers like a vise grips or something and just 185 00:12:17,830 --> 00:12:20,359 Squeeze it into place until it seats all the way just like that 186 00:12:20,490 --> 00:12:26,520 Now we need to get the self adjuster lever arm in there with the spring you could use your old brake shoe as a reference 187 00:12:26,520 --> 00:12:31,249 The spring goes in first then slide the lever arm over the pin and pull the spring over the lever arm 188 00:12:31,250 --> 00:12:33,240 And that is all done 189 00:12:33,240 --> 00:12:38,270 That's everything we need to set up so let's go install our new shoe and before we add [the] shoe 190 00:12:38,270 --> 00:12:45,49 We have those six contact points three on each side and we want to add some anti-seize to each of those contact points to provide 191 00:12:45,150 --> 00:12:46,990 some lubrication 192 00:12:46,990 --> 00:12:51,200 And you don't want to use a lot of anti-seize just a little bit because the drums are very 193 00:12:51,450 --> 00:12:55,99 Dusty and any lubrication you use is going to collect dust again 194 00:12:55,100 --> 00:12:58,100 just use just enough to coat the surface and 195 00:12:58,380 --> 00:13:04,979 Anytime you work with a nice ease and brakes you want to make sure that you wipe off your hands of anti-seize or any oils? 196 00:13:04,200 --> 00:13:09,20 Before you touch your brake shoes because you don't want to get anti-seize on your braking material now one thing 197 00:13:09,20 --> 00:13:11,359 I want you guys to note is the size of the brake shoe 198 00:13:11,360 --> 00:13:16,70 These brake shoes are actually two different sizes most cars are set up this way if we check out the bottom. They're lined up 199 00:13:16,70 --> 00:13:21,629 But if we look at the top this left brake shoe is shorter than the right brake shoes the longer brake shoe 200 00:13:21,630 --> 00:13:26,999 Goes in the rear and the shorter brake shoe goes towards the front of the vehicle, and that's how most vehicles are set up 201 00:13:26,0 --> 00:13:27,170 So let's go set this up 202 00:13:27,170 --> 00:13:31,890 So the first thing we're going to do is we're going to connect our parking brake if you removed it 203 00:13:31,890 --> 00:13:33,80 All you do is slide it in the fork there 204 00:13:33,80 --> 00:13:37,129 And that snaps right in so now we're ready to install the shoe with the hold-down pin 205 00:13:38,740 --> 00:13:41,729 With the pin push through the backing plate align the shoe 206 00:13:41,730 --> 00:13:46,740 So the pin goes through the hole and then we could get the spring and cap and I actually like using the vice grips better 207 00:13:46,740 --> 00:13:51,380 than the specialized tool, so now we can attach the other shoe as well, and that follows the same exact process and 208 00:13:53,560 --> 00:13:54,180 Before we set up this shoe 209 00:13:54,180 --> 00:13:59,669 Correctly we want to grab our parking brake link and just use a metal wire brush to clean it off 210 00:13:59,190 --> 00:14:05,999 Then add the Springs and let's set it in place the right side of the link slides into the parking brake and the left side 211 00:14:05,0 --> 00:14:07,0 slides into the brake shoe 212 00:14:08,500 --> 00:14:12,229 There we go with that in let's move to the bottom of the brakes and taking a look at the picture 213 00:14:12,230 --> 00:14:17,970 That's what it should look like so let's go set it up the first thing you're going to do is you're going to grab yourself 214 00:14:17,190 --> 00:14:19,190 Adjuster and you're going to want to loosen this up 215 00:14:19,440 --> 00:14:24,630 The reason why is you want to make sure this end spins freely and that the threads are lubricated 216 00:14:24,820 --> 00:14:28,429 Because you don't want this to seize up this came pre-lubricated, but if yours, isn't lubricated 217 00:14:28,430 --> 00:14:30,20 Then I'd put some anti-seize on there 218 00:14:30,20 --> 00:14:32,389 This side actually doesn't have any lubrication 219 00:14:32,390 --> 00:14:34,290 So I'm going to add just a little bit of anti-seize 220 00:14:34,290 --> 00:14:39,469 Because you want this to spin freely and that is all you want just a light coating just like that 221 00:14:40,630 --> 00:14:45,229 Good so now let's go install this this part slides into the brake shoe right behind the auto adjuster arm 222 00:14:45,240 --> 00:14:49,400 It looks pretty much identical to this side which also slides in 223 00:14:50,100 --> 00:14:54,50 Just like that and that holds it in place so next looking at our picture 224 00:14:54,50 --> 00:14:57,440 We want to get that spring in here so push it into the hole in the shoe 225 00:14:57,480 --> 00:15:01,370 Just like that and use the pliers to stretch it into the hole on the other shoe 226 00:15:02,250 --> 00:15:04,160 Next we have our self adjusting cable 227 00:15:04,160 --> 00:15:09,79 And it attaches at the hook of the spring right on to the self adjusting lever and that looks perfect 228 00:15:09,80 --> 00:15:13,189 So the bottom is done. Let's move on to the top now. Hopefully you guys are realizing 229 00:15:13,190 --> 00:15:18,780 This is really easy. It's all about finding the right spot for the Springs and if you have your picture 230 00:15:18,780 --> 00:15:19,530 It's like a road map 231 00:15:19,530 --> 00:15:20,310 It tells you exactly where everything goes 232 00:15:20,310 --> 00:15:25,130 So now we need to go attach our self adjuster cable and also this yellow spring with the cable guide 233 00:15:25,130 --> 00:15:31,130 So let's start with the spring and guide slip the yellow spring onto the cable guide and then put that [on] to the brake shoe 234 00:15:32,650 --> 00:15:35,969 Route the cable over the guide and let's attach the parking 235 00:15:35,150 --> 00:15:39,319 Cable to the spring pin at the top you could use a flathead screwdriver to do this 236 00:15:41,620 --> 00:15:46,560 Just like that now these springs at the top here are pretty strong especially compared to the bottom Springs 237 00:15:46,560 --> 00:15:49,560 So it might be a little tough to get this over the spring pin 238 00:15:49,560 --> 00:15:51,350 That's why our brake kit comes with one of these tools 239 00:15:51,450 --> 00:15:56,759 At the end of the tool you can see that little indent there that goes right on the spring pin 240 00:15:56,760 --> 00:15:57,440 It makes it really easy to do this 241 00:15:57,440 --> 00:15:59,910 I'll show you that in a second 242 00:15:59,910 --> 00:16:04,800 But let's just say you don't have this tool a little trick that I came up with is to use a wrench like this with 243 00:16:04,800 --> 00:16:09,379 A closed end so get your spring on there put the closed end of the wrench over the spring pin and then pry the wrench 244 00:16:09,380 --> 00:16:12,50 so the spring slides down with a little maneuvering 245 00:16:12,480 --> 00:16:17,209 Get the spring over the pin so a common wrench works just in case you don't have this tool 246 00:16:17,210 --> 00:16:21,840 But this tool is great watch this put the spring in the shoe 247 00:16:21,840 --> 00:16:26,910 And then slide the tool through the spring loop and pry until the spring slides over the pin 248 00:16:27,970 --> 00:16:30,660 So both tools work sure this is a little bit easier 249 00:16:30,660 --> 00:16:36,719 But you can get this to work as you saw and with that being said all the springs are in and that's all there is 250 00:16:36,720 --> 00:16:38,520 To it. We still have to bleed that brake cylinder 251 00:16:38,520 --> 00:16:40,829 I'll show you how to do that in a second, but before we do that 252 00:16:40,830 --> 00:16:43,220 We just want to inspect to make sure everything's set up perfect at the top 253 00:16:43,220 --> 00:16:51,809 We want to make sure that all the Springs are seated properly the self adjuster Cable goes around the guide here and the parking brake link is set in place 254 00:16:51,880 --> 00:16:55,650 Correctly we also want to make sure the ends of the wheel cylinder are connected to the brake shoes 255 00:16:55,780 --> 00:16:55,280 properly 256 00:16:55,280 --> 00:16:57,970 And in this case everything looks good 257 00:16:57,970 --> 00:17:03,509 double check that the larger brake shoe is at the rear and the smaller brake shoe is at the front then you could come down 258 00:17:03,510 --> 00:17:04,40 To the bottom now down here 259 00:17:04,40 --> 00:17:08,879 We want to make sure that the self adjuster looks good because that's very important and in this case 260 00:17:08,880 --> 00:17:11,180 I see a big gap, but I could tell why you see this right here this popped up 261 00:17:11,180 --> 00:17:14,729 So what I need to do is I just need it pushes downwards 262 00:17:14,280 --> 00:17:18,379 There we go, and you see how that gap closed up because this self adjuster works 263 00:17:19,660 --> 00:17:26,729 But when you jam on the brakes this moves upwards and tightens your brake drums so as your shoe material wears down this 264 00:17:26,70 --> 00:17:30,659 Automatically pushes the shoes outwards so that your drum brakes will work 265 00:17:30,660 --> 00:17:33,959 So it looks like we're good to go next we need to bleed the brakes 266 00:17:33,960 --> 00:17:35,790 But you want to have the drum on to do that 267 00:17:35,790 --> 00:17:41,969 But before we do that the drums are coated with an oily coating to prevent rust oil and brakes don't mix so spray the inside 268 00:17:41,970 --> 00:17:46,650 Of the drum with brake clean and then wipe it down with a clean towel to remove the oils 269 00:17:47,800 --> 00:17:50,419 Next use a metal wire brush to knock off the rust buildup on the hub face 270 00:17:50,419 --> 00:17:57,49 so it's smooth and flat and so the drum comes off easier next time put a thin layer of anti-seize on the Hub surface and 271 00:17:57,49 --> 00:18:00,229 With the brake adjuster all the way closed let's get the drum on 272 00:18:01,140 --> 00:18:03,809 Now we're ready to bleed the brakes 273 00:18:03,809 --> 00:18:06,288 I have a whole video on how to bleed and flush brakes and make a one-person bleeder 274 00:18:06,289 --> 00:18:10,829 Just like this, so if you want more information check that video out, but it's really simple 275 00:18:10,830 --> 00:18:13,189 All you need is a wrench and some brake fluid so let's get it done 276 00:18:13,470 --> 00:18:17,730 You want to remove the rubber cap from the bleeder and make sure you don't lose it 277 00:18:17,919 --> 00:18:22,739 Next you want to get a closed end wrench and go right over the bleeder valve, and then you're going to connect your hose 278 00:18:22,780 --> 00:18:23,210 right over that valve 279 00:18:23,210 --> 00:18:25,659 So it's nice and snug 280 00:18:25,659 --> 00:18:27,439 Now we could turn the wrench to Crack the bleeder valve open 281 00:18:27,440 --> 00:18:30,780 And you can see the brake fluid is starting to come out already 282 00:18:30,780 --> 00:18:35,299 you want to make sure the hose is angled upwards so any bubbles that come out float to the top and don't get sucked back 283 00:18:35,299 --> 00:18:37,919 into the wheel cylinder now 284 00:18:37,919 --> 00:18:41,729 We want to press on the brake a few times to remove all the air when bleeding the brakes 285 00:18:41,30 --> 00:18:42,390 press the brake with a firm 286 00:18:42,390 --> 00:18:47,299 but smooth motion and then let off slowly you're going to want to repeat this a few times and 287 00:18:47,490 --> 00:18:51,689 Any air that was once trapped in the brake lines is now removed 288 00:18:51,690 --> 00:18:55,950 so tighten that bleeder valve remove the hose and the wrench and 289 00:18:55,320 --> 00:19:00,380 Then don't forget to add your cat now we need to top off the brake fluid in our Master cylinder 290 00:19:00,380 --> 00:19:07,559 And that's the master cylinder right there you can see on the master cylinder. There is a max line and sometimes 291 00:19:07,559 --> 00:19:07,460 There's a minimum line 292 00:19:07,460 --> 00:19:10,650 you don't want to fill it over the Max line and 293 00:19:10,870 --> 00:19:15,349 Anytime you remove the cap to the master cylinder right before you want to wipe it down so no debris gets inside 294 00:19:16,510 --> 00:19:21,79 It's also a good idea to use brand new brake fluid you want to make sure that your brake fluid has a cap on it 295 00:19:21,80 --> 00:19:28,39 Because brake fluid is hydroscopic. So it absorbs water, and you don't want it to absorb water, so always use fresh, new Brake Fluid and 296 00:19:30,640 --> 00:19:33,49 It's that easy to bleed your brakes now there's one more thing 297 00:19:33,49 --> 00:19:36,469 We need to do first you want to check to make sure that your brake pedal 298 00:19:37,840 --> 00:19:41,299 Feels solid with the car off it should feel nice and solid and this does 299 00:19:42,520 --> 00:19:43,490 That means we got all the air out of the system 300 00:19:43,490 --> 00:19:48,79 if it's squishy you want to bleed the brakes again now. You want to spin the drum and feel for any 301 00:19:48,240 --> 00:19:51,750 Resistance due to the brake shoes rubbing against the drum 302 00:19:51,750 --> 00:19:53,530 It's okay to feel a little resistance 303 00:19:53,530 --> 00:19:58,949 but if there's none, or if there's a lot of resistance we need to adjust the brakes and in this situation 304 00:19:58,950 --> 00:20:00,289 I just don't feel any resistance so let's pull the drum off 305 00:20:00,500 --> 00:20:06,630 and adjust them so we're going to make our adjustment right here at the star wheel since I'm not feeling any 306 00:20:06,700 --> 00:20:09,20 Resistance at all I'm going to turn this star wheel you're going to hear it click 307 00:20:09,20 --> 00:20:13,530 And this is going to open up, just a little bit if your brakes had too much 308 00:20:13,630 --> 00:20:15,630 Resistance what you would do is you'd pull this lever down 309 00:20:15,630 --> 00:20:18,229 And then you would turn it the opposite way to close this and bring it together 310 00:20:18,450 --> 00:20:20,180 But in this case we want to open it up 311 00:20:20,180 --> 00:20:24,409 just a little bit probably about eight clicks or so and let's test fit the drum 312 00:20:27,550 --> 00:20:28,80 Now I can feel a very slight resistance 313 00:20:28,80 --> 00:20:33,410 which means the shoes are slightly touching the drum now what I'm going to do is I'm going to take off the drum one 314 00:20:33,410 --> 00:20:35,120 More time and I'm going to close this up 315 00:20:35,120 --> 00:20:41,209 just a little bit because I opened it up a little too much so now the brake shoes shouldn't touch the drum 316 00:20:43,200 --> 00:20:45,810 Beautiful that is perfect 317 00:20:45,810 --> 00:20:46,140 So what we did was we expanded 318 00:20:46,140 --> 00:20:52,680 the brake shoes a little bit so they were barely touching the brake drum and then we brought them back in just a little 319 00:20:52,680 --> 00:20:56,999 Bit so now they're not touching but they're really close to touching so when we press on the brakes 320 00:20:56,150 --> 00:21:00,199 It'll only have to move a little bit and the brakes will engage and we are done 321 00:21:00,200 --> 00:21:03,569 That is how you change drum Brakes now 322 00:21:03,570 --> 00:21:08,730 I got to do the other side and also when you're done go for a ride go slow test out the brakes make sure they 323 00:21:08,730 --> 00:21:15,780 Feel good, but that's everything that is a complete guide on how to change drum brakes every single step every little tip and trick 324 00:21:15,820 --> 00:21:20,850 So now you could go and change your own drum brakes and save a ton of money and get the job done right 325 00:21:20,850 --> 00:21:24,689 now i told you at the end of the video I'd be explaining. Why we have some brake calipers well 326 00:21:24,690 --> 00:21:30,840 I know we just replaced the drum brakes but we're going to be doing a drum brake to caliper brake conversion on my truck 327 00:21:30,840 --> 00:21:35,120 So we're going to be going from these drum brakes that we just installed to a nice set of brake calipers 328 00:21:35,130 --> 00:21:41,969 Which is definitely an upgrade. We're even going to include the parking brake so it will work just like it came from the factory as 329 00:21:42,670 --> 00:21:43,40 Always hopefully this video is helpful 330 00:21:43,40 --> 00:21:49,739 if it was remember to give it a thumbs up any questions that you guys might have just comment below also if you're not a 331 00:21:49,740 --> 00:21:51,740 Subscriber consider hitting that subscribe button 332 00:21:51,50 --> 00:21:54,989 For getting updates on when I do stuff like the drum to disc 333 00:21:54,120 --> 00:22:00,750 Conversion and finally the links to the products I used plus links to any supporting videos can be found in the description
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