EnglishSubtitle: added by anonim
DIY Farmhouse Dining Table w/ Epoxy Inlays Using Reclaimed Barnwood
1 00:00:02,540 --> 00:00:03,969 This week on Johnny build 2 00:00:03,969 --> 00:00:08,949 I built a modern style farmhouse table a Parsons table to be more accurate a 3 00:00:08,410 --> 00:00:15,790 Parsons table features legs pushed all the way out to the ends and flush with the top and was designed almost a hundred years ago 4 00:00:15,790 --> 00:00:18,969 To be a basic lasting design whether left unfinished 5 00:00:18,300 --> 00:00:22,140 She then gold or in this case inlaid epoxy and reclaimed wood 6 00:00:22,140 --> 00:00:28,230 This table is built from a mixture of red and white barn wood oak that is likely 50 to 100 years old 7 00:00:28,470 --> 00:00:35,619 My friends at vintage reclaimed lumber in Oklahoma City provided all the wood for this project and they are the sponsors of this video more 8 00:00:35,620 --> 00:00:38,399 On vrl later and down in the description below as I pick out my boards 9 00:00:38,399 --> 00:00:41,558 You can see the issues working with wood like this 10 00:00:41,960 --> 00:00:46,929 None of these boards were straight and many of them were cupped or twisted for being such a simple design 11 00:00:46,929 --> 00:00:48,209 This was one of the most challenging projects I've ever 12 00:00:48,460 --> 00:00:53,949 Completed every step along the way was a learning experience and I had a few setbacks along the way 13 00:00:53,170 --> 00:00:57,449 The legs are made from this reclaimed beam. That was almost 15 feet long 14 00:00:58,579 --> 00:01:03,608 we brought the beam into the vrl shop to mill the legs and the first step was to cut them down to 15 00:01:03,39 --> 00:01:06,789 32 inch long sections the beam was about 16 00:01:06,980 --> 00:01:12,29 11 to 12 inches wide in about five and a half inches tall and as you see I had to flip the beam over and 17 00:01:12,30 --> 00:01:14,30 Make this cut in two passes 18 00:01:20,840 --> 00:01:25,380 Using this giant medieval Tanna whit's bandsaw. I resaw the leg blanks in half and this is where I 19 00:01:26,600 --> 00:01:31,540 Encountered my first hiccup. The blade was deflecting and preventing me from getting straight cuts now 20 00:01:31,540 --> 00:01:34,540 I managed to get the leg blanks greased on on the bandsaw 21 00:01:34,540 --> 00:01:37,690 But that left a lot of cleanup work to be done to get them squared up 22 00:01:37,940 --> 00:01:41,429 Next I ran the leg blanks through the jointer to get to flat and square surfaces 23 00:01:46,610 --> 00:01:52,260 Then I had to use this 14-inch ripp blade to cut the legs to their final width a four and a quarter inches square 24 00:01:58,50 --> 00:01:59,240 Back in my own shop 25 00:01:59,240 --> 00:02:05,610 I laid out all the boards for the table top and measured out how much usable material I had in each one 26 00:02:05,610 --> 00:02:09,229 I ended up with an alternating pattern of red and white oak boards for the tabletop 27 00:02:09,479 --> 00:02:14,909 And then I could cut these boards down to a rough length of 90 inches long 28 00:02:14,920 --> 00:02:20,209 This table is gonna be 7 feet long and this gives me a bit of wiggle room before cutting the tabletop to its final length 29 00:02:20,209 --> 00:02:22,209 I 30 00:02:25,870 --> 00:02:31,739 Ran all these boards to my jointer to get a flat edge and then I cut them down to their final width of 5 inches 31 00:02:31,739 --> 00:02:33,739 over on the table saw I 32 00:02:35,430 --> 00:02:40,100 Started with the 5 boards that will make up the longer middle portion of the table and I'm using 33 00:02:40,260 --> 00:02:44,239 Dominoes to help with the alignment since the boards are a little bit warped 34 00:02:44,400 --> 00:02:48,170 Probably more than I needed but it helped pull these boards back into alignment 35 00:02:49,530 --> 00:02:52,500 I added dominoes and glue to put these two boards together 36 00:02:52,690 --> 00:02:55,70 Now as a bit of a task to get these two boards to line up 37 00:02:55,70 --> 00:02:59,969 But with a little bit of coaxing and a good wooden mallet I was able to make it work 38 00:03:08,840 --> 00:03:13,379 Once the glue a draw I took the boards out of the clamps and I use my stanley number 5 Jack plane to smooth at 39 00:03:13,379 --> 00:03:20,589 The bottom and then I skip playing the boards to help flatten the top without losing too much of that character of the wood. I 40 00:03:21,40 --> 00:03:27,879 Repeated this process for the remaining boards and then glued up all 5 planks that make up the long section of the tabletop 41 00:03:27,99 --> 00:03:28,599 again 42 00:03:28,599 --> 00:03:34,929 Using dominoes for alignment and to help pull everything together as straight as I could get it with a bit more coaxing 43 00:03:34,930 --> 00:03:40,140 I got the whole top in the clamps and added some call boards wrapped and packing tape to the end to prevent further bowing 44 00:03:41,870 --> 00:03:45,120 Once the top had dried I flipped it over on my workbench and shimmed up the high spots 45 00:03:49,239 --> 00:03:53,99 Now the idea here is to use a router sled to flatten the bottom as much as possible 46 00:03:55,940 --> 00:04:01,809 Then I could flip the whole thing over and hit the top of the table only removing the high spots and leaving all the character 47 00:04:02,930 --> 00:04:04,200 With the longer section of the tabletop done 48 00:04:04,200 --> 00:04:09,910 now I could add the two shorter boards to the ends that the legs will sit flush against I 49 00:04:09,99 --> 00:04:15,999 Sanded them down and use the legs to mark the exact width. They need to be and then rip them over on my table saw 50 00:04:19,570 --> 00:04:20,320 I 51 00:04:20,320 --> 00:04:25,629 Clamp the legs flush with the end of the table and use the leg on the other end to mark their length 52 00:04:25,630 --> 00:04:27,640 which I cut over on the miter saw I 53 00:04:28,550 --> 00:04:34,139 Had a Domino's to these boards and attach them to the longer portion of the table with some glue and a little bit of brute 54 00:04:34,140 --> 00:04:35,690 force 55 00:04:35,690 --> 00:04:37,230 clamping pressure to pull everything into alignment I 56 00:04:39,220 --> 00:04:41,860 Came back with my jack plane 57 00:04:41,860 --> 00:04:46,319 And also this little block plane to flush up this board and the seam to the rest of the tabletop 58 00:04:51,820 --> 00:04:57,809 Moving on to the legs the next step was to hit them with a belt sander and an 80 grit belt to remove most of 59 00:04:57,810 --> 00:05:00,510 The grit built up over the last 60 or so years 60 00:05:01,470 --> 00:05:05,640 Once that was done it was time to start pouring the epoxy inlays 61 00:05:05,640 --> 00:05:10,679 I started with the tabletop and I used aluminum tape here to short the bottom of the table first 62 00:05:13,700 --> 00:05:17,800 This is my first time to use this East Coast resin and I had really good results 63 00:05:17,800 --> 00:05:22,289 I mixed equal parts resin and hardener and made sure it was thoroughly mixed before I added the blue 64 00:05:22,420 --> 00:05:27,849 green and white pearl pigments to get the depth of color I was going for 65 00:05:30,430 --> 00:05:31,480 And 66 00:05:31,480 --> 00:05:34,959 Now it was time to pour as you can see here 67 00:05:34,960 --> 00:05:39,180 My first pour in the tabletop was a bit sloppy and the uneven surface caused it to spread out a little bit 68 00:05:39,180 --> 00:05:44,250 I got a bit more efficient with my pours, but I still had a lot of overflow that I had to address later 69 00:05:44,250 --> 00:05:50,339 I also mixed some sawdust into a batch of epoxy and filled any of the small gaps with boards connected 70 00:05:51,710 --> 00:05:56,710 The legs had several large cracks that I decided to backfill with this bondo fiberglass. Resin 71 00:05:56,710 --> 00:06:01,660 It's much cheaper than the two-part epoxy I was using but in hindsight, I think I would have been better off 72 00:06:01,660 --> 00:06:03,359 Just filling everything with the same pigmented resin 73 00:06:03,360 --> 00:06:10,810 this caused some issues of having the chip away some of this resin that was showing through the pigmented resin later on and 74 00:06:10,910 --> 00:06:15,700 Once at a draw I came back with the coloured epoxy and filled it in over the bondo. Resin 75 00:06:15,700 --> 00:06:17,920 I wanted to leave some of the checks for aesthetic reasons 76 00:06:17,960 --> 00:06:20,370 But some of the bigger cracks had to be addressed for stability 77 00:06:20,370 --> 00:06:26,859 Also a quick tip don't use regular packing tape like I did here. It did not contain the epoxy well at all 78 00:06:26,890 --> 00:06:32,679 I quickly switched back. So using the aluminum tape also these epoxy pours actually took several weeks to complete 79 00:06:32,680 --> 00:06:38,950 I had multiple surfaces to fill and often I would come back after the epoxy dried to find that it just flowed down into some 80 00:06:38,140 --> 00:06:44,769 unseen crack after pouring the epoxy I used the heat gun to pop any air bubbles and then I came back to remove the 81 00:06:44,900 --> 00:06:46,929 over-pour with a chisel after it dried 82 00:06:46,930 --> 00:06:52,290 I also sanded down the resin and it was here that I realized the sanding was heating up the resin and making it easier to 83 00:06:52,290 --> 00:06:55,290 Chisel away I tried using a heat gun, and this worked great 84 00:06:55,290 --> 00:07:01,689 This made my epoxy over pore removal go much faster and have a much cleaner result. I 85 00:07:02,80 --> 00:07:07,469 repeated this whole process all over again on the knots and cracks in the wood that I used for the aprons and 86 00:07:08,690 --> 00:07:10,200 Once all these numerous epoxy pores were done 87 00:07:10,200 --> 00:07:18,549 I sanded the resin first was 600 grit sandpaper then 1200 grit and finally 2,000 grit to get the shine that I was looking for 88 00:07:18,400 --> 00:07:24,910 now to begin assembling the tables and this is where I ran into a lot of issues I use the sheet of plywood on the 89 00:07:24,910 --> 00:07:28,539 Flattest portion of my shop to have a good surface of reference to fit at the legs 90 00:07:28,539 --> 00:07:33,449 I clamp the legs in place added a few weights to keep the table from bowing up and then Mark the alignment of the legs 91 00:07:34,389 --> 00:07:39,668 The aprons were cut oversized and I use this setup to mark out their exact length of roughly 92 00:07:39,740 --> 00:07:44,370 25 inches I cut them to fit on the miter saw and then repeated this process for the other three aprons. I 93 00:07:45,889 --> 00:07:46,90 Came up with these 94 00:07:46,90 --> 00:07:51,60 45-degree rest and a drilling jig the mortise had a slot for diagonal braces to hold the legs of the apron and 95 00:07:51,280 --> 00:07:53,110 Spoiler it did not work at all 96 00:07:53,110 --> 00:07:57,699 The idea was that shizz allowed these mortises. Where a 97 00:07:57,949 --> 00:08:01,228 45 degree angle that was going to hold the aprons could rest up against the leg and 98 00:08:01,360 --> 00:08:05,99 Then I would drill a lag bolt in through the leg to secure everything 99 00:08:06,650 --> 00:08:12,120 Having the legs held on only by a single bolt made them far too wobbly and I had to remake the whole entire apron structure 100 00:08:12,120 --> 00:08:14,160 Because I had already glued the battens in place 101 00:08:17,750 --> 00:08:23,859 So back to the drawing board, I had to make all new aprons and rethink their connection to the legs again 102 00:08:23,860 --> 00:08:28,659 I cut them to fit against the legs. But this time I marked out with the apron made it up to the legs. I 103 00:08:29,900 --> 00:08:34,20 Cut in two dominoes to the end of each apron and matching Domino's on the legs themselves 104 00:08:37,580 --> 00:08:41,219 Now I could dry fit the aprons and add the sinner stretcher and battens seen here 105 00:08:41,219 --> 00:08:49,869 also using Domino's I took the whole apron assembly apart and then reassembled it piece by piece this time adding glue the way I 106 00:08:49,0 --> 00:08:54,119 Clamped up the table base without the tabletop in place cause some major issues. I'll explain more in a bit 107 00:08:54,120 --> 00:09:00,669 But first you see me putting the tabletop in place and then marking out where I need to cut it flush with the legs 108 00:09:00,860 --> 00:09:02,860 Which I then did with my tracks off 109 00:09:07,990 --> 00:09:13,80 I added some dominoes to the aprons that are going to allow me to attach the table top with some tabletop buttons and 110 00:09:15,529 --> 00:09:19,439 Finally, I can move on to the finish. I use this general finish's satin water-based topcoat 111 00:09:19,450 --> 00:09:25,749 It's my first time to ever use this finish and I'm very pleased with the results. I put four coats on 112 00:09:29,310 --> 00:09:31,670 I 113 00:09:31,670 --> 00:09:37,409 put in all the tabletop buttons and attached the tabletop and that's when I discovered some issues with the fit when I clamped up the 114 00:09:37,410 --> 00:09:43,600 Apron structure to the legs the uneven clamping pressure and the fact that none of the reclaimed wood is perfectly straight 115 00:09:43,60 --> 00:09:50,560 Managed to pull the base out of alignment and this left me with these gaps and this table just did not meet my standards 116 00:09:58,850 --> 00:10:01,839 This whole time I was building a second table in the background 117 00:10:01,839 --> 00:10:08,529 I learned from those mistakes in the first table fix them on the second table, and I couldn't be more pleased with the results. I 118 00:10:11,510 --> 00:10:13,200 Want to give a special thanks to the sponsor of this video 119 00:10:13,480 --> 00:10:17,219 Vintage reclaimed lumber if you're in the Oklahoma City area, make sure to check them out 120 00:10:17,220 --> 00:10:19,220 They've got a great selection of reclaimed lumber 121 00:10:19,420 --> 00:10:26,130 Beautiful live-edge slabs and old timber beams. If you're not in the Oklahoma City area check them out online at be our lumber calm 122 00:10:26,130 --> 00:10:32,309 They do ship anywhere in the country just use the code Johnny 10 for 10% off of your order as always 123 00:10:32,310 --> 00:10:33,270 Thank you so much for watching 124 00:10:33,270 --> 00:10:39,549 Let me know what you think down in the comments below if you liked it, make sure to hit that thumbs up and please subscribe 125 00:10:39,70 --> 00:10:43,510 Thanks for checking this one out and we'll see you back here next time
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